The Heuke, or Cloak on one shoulder, was a popular garment in medieval Europe.
Cloaks worn on one shoulder have been known since ancient times. Chlamys, Sagum, Paludamentum – varieties of Ancient Roman and Ancient Greek cloaks based on military design. The Byzantine Empire introduced cloaks on one shoulder, adapting the design from military to luxurious ceremonial. Then this fashion continued into the Middle Ages.
Medieval men’s cloak on one shoulder usually did not have names, but since the 13th century, on the territory of modern Germany, the name Heuke (de.) has come into fashion. Let’s leave this name “Heuke” conditional, since until the 16th century a short cloak on one shoulder dictated by Burgundy fashion was in fashion.
“Heuke” is a controversial name because it is also called the women’s Dutch traditional cloak. Huik (nl.) or Hoyke (nl.), Heuke (de.) is part of traditional Flemish and Dutch womenswear. The cloak was worn on the head, but without division into the hood. Often fastened with traditional hats.
Men’s fashion for cloak on one shoulder changed in the 16th century. The cloaks were worn center-lined, collars appeared on them. The asymmetrical wearing of the cloak continued in the 16th and 17th centuries, but under the shoulder (under the armpit).