13th century women’s fashion
The Barbette – a strip of fabric, a band around the cheeks and chin. Women wore barbette in the 13th and 14th centuries.
14th century women’s fashion
15th century women’s fashion
The Tranzado (Spanish; Cofia de Tranzado) or Trinzale (Italian) is a headdress, cap, net or veil on the back of the head.
The Hood (fr. Capuche, Chaperon; nl. Capuchon; it. Cappuccio; es. Capucha; de. Kapuze, Gugel) is a headdress that has many different shapes and names.
The Bliaut or Bliaud is an overdress worn in the Middle Ages. The Bliaud has a lot of design options, but the main difference is the long gown with very thin and voluminous sleeves.
The Poulaines (or Crakows; crackowes; pl. ciżemki; de. Schnabelschuh; sv. Snabelskor) are fashionable medieval shoes with very long toes. They were so named because the style was thought to have originated in Kraków, though the term “Poulaine”, as in souliers à la poulaine, “shoes in the Polish fashion”, referred to the long pointed beak of the shoe, not the shoe itself.
The Tippet (tippets) is (are) long, narrow, cloth streamer, usually white, worn around the arm above the elbow, with the long end hanging down to the ground.
The Heuke, or Cloak on one shoulder, was a popular garment in medieval Europe. Cloaks worn on one shoulder have been known since ancient times.
The Braies (fr. Braies; de. Bruoch; pt. Bragas; ru. Брэ; da. Brog; no. Brok) are a type of panties, men’s undergarment.
The Surcoat (fr. Surcot) is an outer garment that was commonly worn in the Middle Ages. The name derives from French meaning “over the Cotte”.
The Frilled veil or Cruselers (de. Krüseler) – this woman’s headdress, which was fashionable in Europe in the 14th – 15th centuries.
The Wulsthaube or Steuchlein is a German female headdress derived from a bonnet. Steuchlein consists of Schleier (veil), Unterhaube (undercap) and Wulst (bulge) – a padded cushion at the back of the head.
The Cotte and The Cotehardie (eng. Kirtle) was a medieval outer garment, a dress that was worn over a chemise. Dress with narrow and long sleeves, long and fitted.
The Houppelande (es. Hopalanda; it. Pellanda) is an overdress, with a long, full body and flaring sleeves, that was worn by both men and women in Europe in the late 14th century – 1430’s.
The Robe à Tassel is a type of overdress fashionable in Europe in the 15th century. Sometimes this type of overdress is called Burgundian gown, but this is not correct.
The Aquamanile (plural aquamanilia or simply aquamaniles; from lat. “aqua” – water and lat. “manus” – hand) – is a washstand, a ewer or jug-type vessel for washing hands in the form of an animal or human, sometimes several figures.
Chausses (eng. Hose) are any of various styles of men’s clothing for the legs and lower body, worn from the Middle Ages through the 16th century, when the style fell out of use in favor of breeches and stockings.
The Chaperon is a headdress very popular in the Middle Ages. Cloaks with hoods were still in ancient Rome, they were called ‘Lacerna’
The Gorget is a fashionable accessory, a high collar covering the neck, ears and part of the hair. The Gorget was popular in the 13th – 15th centuries.
The Wimple (also whimple) was a very common head covering for women of the Middle Ages (c. 1200 — c. 1500).
The Bycocket hat is a headdress with a pointed “nose” and brim curved back. This hat (most often) was made of felt and was popular among people with different social status –
The Crespine (Crespinette or Сauls) is a detail of a medieval headdress. Initially, these are hair nets on the sides of the face.
An Escoffion was female medieval headwear which was popular during the Late Middle Ages (1250–1500). But it gained particular popularity in the 15th century.
Headgear, headwear or headdress is the name given to any element of clothing which is worn on one’s head. Part 2 Headgears of the Middle Ages.